Being one of the oldest cities of the country, Bhopal has a glorious past. The History of Bhopal tells tales of interesting, heroic and amazing incidents. It can take pride in its excellent blend of Islamic and Hindu cultures. Various dynasties have ruled the city over the years, contributing to its architectural and historical richness.
The History of Bhopal takes us back to the eleventh century when Raja Bhoja – the great ruler built a city called Bhojpal. According to the historians, it was the original Bhopal City. Later on, the Mughals captured the city and ruled it till the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Afghan soldier – Dost Mohammed established the princely province of Bhopal in 1723. Well supported by the tribal queen – Rani Kamalpathi, he was able to ward off the neighboring Rajput kings.
When speaking about the History of Bhopal, the contribution of the Begums cannot be written off. The females of the royal family ruled the state for almost hundred years. They led austere lives, followed their religion faithfully and were able administrators. Begum Nawab Sultan Jahan was one of the greatest Begum rulers of Bhopal.
Sultan Jahan's son Hamidullah inherited the throne in the year 1926. Under him, the Bhopal State signed the 'Instrument of Accession' and became the part of the Indian Republic in 1947. The sleepy town of Bhopal has today transformed into a swanky modern city.
A discussion about the history of Bhopal will bring forward a very important period when the place was ruled by the ‘The Begums of Bhopal'. The meteoric rise of the female rulers in the male dominated world can be considered as a fascinating example of women power. Not only was that, being a part of the conservative Islamic royal families, their endeavors even more praiseworthy.
The Begums of Bhopal took hold of the administration of the princely state of Bhopal during the rule of Qudsia in the nineteenth century. She ruled the province with firm hands on behalf of Sikander – her daughter. Qudsia performed the dual role of bringing up Sikander and governing the state with elan. Sikander, with her mother's guidance grew up as a strong lady. Not only in her physical strength but she excelled in every other aspects also. She was one of the nineteenth century social reformer and modernist.
Shajehan succeeded her mother Sikander and carried on the good work despite constant opposition from her subjects and the British. Her popularity suffered a blow because of her ill-mannered husband. She was a great connoisseur of arts and music. Sultan Jahan was the last Begum of Bhopal and rose with her own capability. She became the first chancellor of the Muslim Aligarh University and the foremost president of the All India Education Conference. She was a social worker in true sense and dedicated herself to the promotion of education among the women.
The Nawabs of Bhopal ruled the princely state – Bhopal before the Indian independence. During the medieval period and during the British rule in India, the Nawabs were the supreme authority of Bhopal. Contrary to the popular notion, the most illustrious Bhopal Nawabs were women. According to historical findings, the first among the Nawabs of Bhopal was Nawab Dost Muhammed Khan - the man who rebuilt the city founded by Raja Bhoj.
Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum – the last Begum Nawab was the most prolific of Nawabs and rose to great heights. She became the foremost chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University. Her social works and reform measures are remembered till today. Her son Nawab Hamidullah Khan ascended the throne in 1926. With his enthronement, the golden period of women Nawabs in the history of Bhopal ended. Hamidullah signed the 'Instrument of Accession' in the year 1947 by which the province of Bhopal became a part of the Republic of India.
Situated in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, the historical city of Bhopal is deservingly the capital of the state. Besides the excellent location of Bhopal, the city is blessed with beautiful landscapes, busy commercial centers, peaceful residential areas and historical monuments.
The geographical location of the Bhopal City lies within North Latitude 23º16' and East Longitude 77º36'. The location of Bhopal falls in the northwestern portion of Madhya Pradesh. If seen in the Map of India, Bhopal occupies the central most region of the country. The city of Bhopal shares its border with two large and picturesque lakes. Like few other big cities of the country, Bhopal is also divided into two parts – the old city and the new one. The Old Bhopal is situated in the northern part of the city, while the southern part is called as the New Bhopal. The two lakes of the Bhopal City are referred as the Upper and the Lower Lakes.
Due to its central location, Bhopal is very easily approachable from all parts of the state and country as well. The Bhopal Airport, Railway Stations and well-maintained roads enhances the convenience of the place for the tourists and visitors.
Situated in the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh, the 'City of Lakes' - Bhopal witnesses extreme warm summers but pleasant winters. The general picture of the Bhopal Weather will feature a sunny and warm day and mild evening. A report of a normal day of summer will project the usual Bhopal Weather.
The climate of Bhopal is more or less the same as most of the cities of that region. In summer, the temperature soars up to forty-five and forty eight degree Centigrade during the daytime. However the evenings are much milder. It is better to take precautions while visiting the Bhopal City in the summer. The extreme hot conditions may take its toll on the health of a person. The winters in Bhopal are quite pleasant and enjoyable. Temperature at this time of the year comes down around nine degree centigrade. Climatically speaking October to March is the best season to visit Bhopal
There are many popular and spoken languages in Bhopal, the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. But Hindi is the most important and the official language of the state. So this language enjoys a special status in the capital city as well.
Since people from varied backgrounds stay in this Indian city so languages of different regions of India are commonly used here. Urdu, Gujarati, Marathi and Sindhi are among the other widely spoken languages of Bhopal.
There are various popular dialects of Hindi spoken by the people of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The people of Bhopal are no exceptions in this regard. There are many people in the city of Bhopal who speak in the Malwi, Bundelkhandi and the Chattisgarhi dialect.
The medium of instruction of most of the schools in the city of Bhopal is Hindi. But recently many English medium schools are also mushrooming here.
In present days English is counted among the most widely used languages in Bhopal.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place on the third of the month of December in the year 1984. Till date it remains one of the worst accidents in the history of the country of India.
The tragedy occurred as a result of an accidental chemical reaction that took place in the factory of the Union Carbide Limited in Bhopal. In the midnight, leakage of the venomous Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas started. Soon this poisonous gas started spreading across the city to envelop it with its deadly wings. Due to which almost the whole of the city turned into a deathly gas chamber.
As a result almost three thousand of the residents of this city lost their lives. Many people were left with various physical disorders and diseases. The ecological balance was disturbed with many livestock and other animals being killed. Environment was contaminated to a massive extent.
The aftereffects of this tragedy were even more massive. It took a long time for the state to recover from it. The task of providing rehabilitation and relief to the victims of the Gas Tragedy in Bhopal was thus taken over by the office of the Chief Minister. In the year of 1985 a department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation was created.
Many non- governmental agencies also came up to provide support and relief to the victims. With their help and support the task of the state government to tackle this extremely difficult situation became comparatively easier.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy is remembered as one of the ugliest industrial disasters that have ever taken place.
Bhopal Passport Office was inaugurated by Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee on the seventeenth of October in the year of 1978. He was then the Minister of External Affairs of the Government of India.
All the forty-eight districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the sixteen districts of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh fall under the jurisdiction of the Passport Office in Bhopal. From the third of the month of July of the year 2000 this office has been totally computerized by the National Informatics Center of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
The office has a total strength of twenty-eight employees. Presently the authority of issuing passport lies with Mr. R. A. Dhone, Acting Passport Officer and Mr. Amar Jinus Lakra, the Superintendent.
The Passport Office of Bhopal is located at the second floor of the Gangotri Complex in T.T. Nagar. The office is situated at a distance of about 13 kilometers from Bhopal Airport, seven kilometers from the Bhopal bus stand and about six kilometers away from the main railway station.
District Passport Cells have been opened recently in some of the districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh and in all the districts of Chhattisgarh. Blank passport application forms are sold from these cells. They also accept the completed forms on behalf of the Passport Office, Bhopal. There are such cells located in the districts of Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain, Balaghat, Sagar, Ratlam, Bhopal, Rewa, Indore and Hoshangabad.
The Bhopal Passport Office remains open from 9:30 in the morning to 6 in the evening for customer services.
The old Mughal City of Bhopal is a popular tourist destination as there are a number of interesting sites in and around the city. Transportation in Bhopal are well equipped and offer its visitors a comfortable journey to the various tourist locations. This Indian city is well accessible by air, rail and buses. There are different modes of Transportation in Bhopal and a visitor can choose one according to his budget. The city of Bhopal has retained its old town charm as a Mughal city of the yesteryears and still occupies an important place as the capital of the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh.
Those traveling to Bhopal by Air would land at the Bhopal Airport which is about 12 Kilometers from the old city of Bhopal. There are regular flights between Bhopal and the major cities of India. Transportation in Bhopal is made easier by the fact that Bhopal is an important railway stop in India. There are two major Railway Station in Bhopal, Bhopal Railway Station in old Bhopal and the Habibgunj Railway Station in New Bhopal. There are a number of tourist spots around Bhopal, these includes Sanchi, Indore, Ujjain, Panchmari, Jabalpur, Khajuraho etc. Tourists touring Bhopal usually also visit these locations and the system of Transportation in Bhopal makes these tours a cake walk.
In general the system of Public Transportation in Bhopal is decent and the buses, autos and tempos travel to most part of the city. One can also opt for hiring a taxi for day trips or for going around the city.
Strategically located at the center of India, Madhya Pradesh is the largest State in the country. Madhya Pradesh also shares its borders with seven other States of India and is often the focal point of historic and cultural tours. Being the capital city, the Bhopal Airport is thus kept perennially busy with heavy tourist traffic. The Bhopal Airport is a public domestic Airport which serves Madhya Pradesh and its neighboring States. The Bhopal Airport is located at about 12 Kilometers from the old city.
Keeping in mind the high demand for Flights to Bhopal, a number of Airlines have flights flying regularly to and from Delhi, Mumbai Gwalior, Gawahati, Goa, Lucknow and Indore. The Airlines that Fly from Bhopal Airport to important destinations include:
The Bhopal Airport is well equipped and customer friendly. Abiding by the Indian saying of “a guest is equivalent to God”, the ground staffs at the Bhopal Airport take care of the all around comfort of the traveler. The Airport itself also has amenities for the convenience of the travelers, these include:
The city of Bhopal is often called the city of mosques due to the presence of a number of historical mosques and monuments within its walls. One such mosque, relatively smaller in size but not less important is the Moti Masjid. It was built by Sikander Begum in the year 1860; the beautiful Moti Masjid is an important historical landmark of the Muslims in Bhopal. The architectural design of the Moti Masjid has a striking resemblance to the famous Jama Masjid in Delhi.
Behind the history of Moti Masjid lies the history of one of the most significant characters in the history of Muslim women in India, Sikander Begum. Being a relatively liberated and progressive woman compared to the time in which she lived, Sikander Begum had built roads, bridges and a number of graceful and elegant monuments such as the Moti Masjid in Bhopal .The Moti Masjid was built in 1860 and since then it is one of the most significant landmarks in Madhya Pradesh.
The Moti Masjid, Bhopal is a relatively smaller sized monument that was built in the year 1860 by Sikander Jahan. The mosque has two dark red towers with golden spikes. The architecture of the Moti masjid resembles the Jama Masjid in Delhi. Because of the sparkling white façade, the Moti masjid is also called the Pearl Mosque.
Bhopal can be easily reached by regular flights and trains from different important cities such as Delhi, Gwalior, Mumbai and Indore. There are also daily buses to Bhopal that take the tourists to this walled city. Moti Masjid inside the city premises of Bhopal can be easily reached by any transport, local or private.
One of the biggest and most graceful of all the mosques in India is the Taj-ul-masjid which means ' The Crown of mosques’. Against the backdrop of the historical city of Bhopal, the Taj-ul-masjid displays a spectacular sight.
The construction of the Taj-ul-masjid, Bhopal witnessed alternative spans of active and inactive time periods, during the rule of the succeeding Begums. However the construction of the mosque could never be completed due to the shortage of funds. It was as late as 1971 that work was resumed and the Taj-ul-masjid finally stood in all its grandeur.
It is built on top of the Hill area in Bhopal; the Lakshmi Narayan Temple generated a breathtaking sight of the old historic city of Bhopal. It is also known as the Birla Mandir, after the name of the leading industrialists who built it, the Lakshmi Narayan temple is dedicated to the Goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.
The Lakshmi Narayan Temple has the idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Narayan along with a magnificent idol of Shiva with his wife Parvati. There is a Birla Museum attached to the Lakshmi Narayan temple which displays a splendid collection of sculptures from the 12th century era of Madhya Pradesh. The temple is of a sandy yellowish color that reflects the old feel inside. On one side of the Lakshmi Narayan temple is a huge steeple. The entrance to the Lakshmi Narayan Temple or the Birla Temple is through a beautiful archway and is surrounded by lush verdant lawns.
How to reach Lakshmi Narayan Temple
Bhopal can easily be reached by air, rail or road ways. The temple is built on the hilly area of Bhopal and can be easily reached by all modes of transport inside the city.
Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is a mesmerizing fusion of picturesque beauty, old historic charm and contemporary urban planning. The earlier city Bhojapal was founded by Raja Bhoja in the 11th century, but the modern city was established by an Afghan warrior, Dost Mohammed. His descendants further built Bhopal into the gorgeous city as we can see it today. Bhopal is rightly famous for its lakes as it has two most stunning lakes – Upper Lake and Lower Lake.
Raja Bhoja created the Upper Lake in Bhopal in the 11th century while the construction of an earthen dam across the Kolans River. One can clearly get the picture of the immaculate planning strategy of the erstwhile rulers that gets manifested through this man –made lake. It is the nucleus of the city and is prominent for its unsurpassed charm and grandeur that still beguiles its visitors. The lake has crystal clear waters and boasts of a tranquil ambience.
The lake is an ideal resort for the various thrilling trips by sail, paddle and motorboats. The cool breeze keeps blowing all day long and soothes the fatigued senses of the tourists who come to relax here after a frenzied day of sightseeing. It is also a favored spot for picnics as the tourists and locals enjoy the panoramic views while sipping coffee and munching snacks.
The Lower Lake on the other hand is positioned in the heart of the city so you can take a close look at the city. It is great fun to bask in the beauty of the pristine lake and the panoramic vistas of the city simultaneously. Along with enjoying a languorous stroll around this lake, you can make good use of the boating and sailing facilities that are provided here.
The Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya on the Shamla Hills in Bhopal is the National Museum of Mankind. It has been renamed as the Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya and is a significant tourist place in Bhopal. This museum is engaged in recollecting the past rather than collection.
The Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya is built on a pre historic ground in Madhya Pradesh, which is strewn with a number of painted shelters carve din the rocks. This anthropological institution is curetted and built by the tribal folk in a way to display the way of living of the ancient tribes. Villages have been reconstructed, entire fishing villages replicated towards the lake etc.
The Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya is spread across 200 acres of heaving lands located in one of the important pre historic sites in India. The uniqueness of the Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya is heightened by the fact that it is one of the only museums worldwide to have numerous pre historic painted rock shelters. This is a post colonial museum of communities, a repertoire of tribal and folk arts. There is a well stocked library, audio-visual archives, computerize documentations and a wide collection of ethnographic specimens, which are among the best collections worldwide.
The Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya is located in the Shamla Hills, on the Upper lake front. It can be reached on the way to Van Vihar, where a road shoots off to the Rashtriya Manav Sanghralaya.
"The cultural centre that houses and preserves traditional folk art forms in Madhya Pradesh."
"This art centre is located on a beautiful site - a gently sloping plateau overlooking the Upper Lake and the historic city of Bhopal across the water"Charles Correa: He is the person who is responsible for creating such a beautiful and unique looking cultural complex in Bhopal which is named as The Bharat Bhavan. The total beauty of the cultural complex lies in a number of low lying beautifully structured buildings, around the banks of the lake. The Bharat Bhavan remains open every day from 10.30 am to 5.00 pm except Sundays and government holidays.
The Bharat Bhavan was built to keep the traditions of verbal, visual and performing arts alive in Bhopal. It was built in the year 1982, in the month of February. It is an independent trust that is created by the Legislature of the State of Madhya Pradesh.
The Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal has four distinct halls dedicated to different arts. There is Rang Mandal, dedicated for theatre and sustained theatre movements. The indoor theatre is called Antrang while the outdoor theatre is known as the Bahirang. The hall for classical music is called the Vagarth. The Bharat Bhavan in Bhopal also has a library for poetry and for the lovers of verses called the Vagarth which has a collection of more than 7000 books of poetry in different Indian languages. There is also an open air auditorium within the Bharat Bhavan complex. The museum of art at Bharat Bhavan is known as Roopankar. The Roopankar has two sections, one displaying contemporary Indian art and sculpture while the other section has an amazing collection of tribal and art folk. Anhad is the Library for Classical and Folk Music while the Ashram is the Residence for the guest artists.
The Bhavan is located in the Shamla Hills and is easily accessible by all local transports in Bhopal.
Shaukat Mahal is situated in the heart of the city and is built in a European style there by setting it apart from the other Islamic structures. Sadar Mahal, near the Shaukat Mahal was used as the hall of public audience by the nawabs of Bhopal.The Shaukat Mahal and Sadar Mahal displays a combination of Asian and Western styles of architecture which makes this building stand out in the crowd of the traditional Islamic architecture of Bhopal.
The history of Shaukat Mahal and Sadar Mahal states that it was designed by a corrupt Frenchman who is supposed to be from the Bourbon Dynasty of France. The Shaukat Mahal and Sadar Mahal reflect a unique blend of oriental and occidental architectural.
Gothic and post renaissance styles have been effectively used in the construction of the Shaukat Mahal, which eventually gives it an enchanting effect. A number of intricately carved arches on the roof of the Shaukat Mahal along with the alabaster white structure of the building give it a unique look. The outside of the palace is designed with beautiful and exotic floral patterns giving the Shaukat Mahal an eco friendly appearance. The Sadar Mahal that was the Hall of Public Audience during the rule of the princes borders the Shaukat Mahal. This building is a brick red construction of flamboyant appearance. The Shaukat Mahal and Sadar Mahal are surrounded by beautiful lawns that give it a picture postcard effect. The Shaukat Mahal and Sadar Mahal are located at the entrance of the chowk area, in the center of the city. It is easily reached by all modes of transport inside the city.
Van Vihar Safari Park, Bhopal languidly sprawls across an area of 445 hectares. The park is located on a hill close to the Upper Lake. Van Vihar Safari Park in Bhopal houses a diverse variety of animals of both herbivorous and carnivorous species and a host of colorful birds. Bhopal’s Van Vihar Safari Park was ascribed the status of a natural park in 1983. The park provides the perfect ambience where the animals can move about freely. They are not incarcerated and are allowed free movement. ht also stumble upon Blue Kingfisher, Phakta, Bhura Teetar, Kala Teetar and migratory birds like the Tree Pie and Drongo.
If you are a wildlife conservationist or a lover of wild life, you would surely be full of praise for the initiative taken by Van Vihar Safari Park; Bhopal is ensuring a safe asylum for a variety of animals. Some of the animals that you get to come across at this place comprise of white tiger, leopard, Hyena, Cheetah, Sambar, Neelgai, Panthers, Jungle cats and Blackbuck.
Van Vihar Safari Park, Bhopal also boasts for a rich flora. Among the popular trees that grow here includes teak, Kardhai, salai, palas, tendu and gurajan. Among the creepers, the commonly spotted ones include the gomachi, harjudi, bangoon creeper and malkangni.
Islam Nagar was the palace of Bhopal's Afghan rulers and was built by Dost Mohammed Khan. Formal gardens surround the palace and pavilion. The latter, a synthesis of Hindu and Islamic decorative arVan Vihar Safari Park, Bhopal also boasts for a rich flora. Among the popular trees that grow here includes teak, Kardhai, salai, palas, tendu and gurajan. Among the creepers, the commonly spotted ones include the gomachi, harjudi, bangoon creeper and malkangni.
Sanchi / Udaigiri
Sanchi is known for its Stupas, monasteries, temples and pillars dating from the 3rd century to the 12th century. The most famous of these monuments, is the Sanchi Stupa 1, which was originally built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, the governor of Ujjayini, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant from adjacent Vidisha. Their son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamitra were born in Ujjayini and sent to Srilanka, where they converted the King, the Queen and their people to Buddhism.
Bhojpur is named after its founder, the Parmara king Bhoj. Bhojpur is situated 28 km from Bhopal on the banks of river Betwa. Bhojpur is famous for the incomplete Bhojeshwar temple, which is dedicated to Shiva. The temple houses the largest Shiva lingam in India, which is 5.5 m (18 ft) tall and 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in circumference and is crafted out a single rock.
Enclosed by the northern tassel of the majestic Vindhyans, Bhimbetka in Bhopal is characterized by rock-strewn topography with thick woods and wrinkled precipices. The biggest depository of antediluvian knacks in India, Bhimbetka is a retreat of serenity and harmony for the picnickers. One of the most primitive dwellings of human race, Bhimbetka boasts of a history of 35000 years old.
The Tawa Dam & Reservoir offers a scenic escape from the hustle bustle of city life. It is set amidst lush greenery, and offers much scope for adventure. Sunsets viewed from the dam are especially enchanting. Even more enchanting is the lake cruise, which takes you on a serene hour-long ride along the dreamy little islands dotting the reservoir and the panoramic hills of the Satpura to Churna. Here you can indulge in a jungle safari at the Satpura Tiger Reserve.
Halali dam is known as Samrat Ashok Sagar Project. It is constructed across Halali river a tributary of Betwa river.Catchment area of the project is 699 sq. km. It is about 47 kilometers from Bhopal's New market and towards Sanchi.
Ratapani is a Jungle & Wildlife Safari Lodge, situated barely 30 Kms from the City of Bhopal, on the fringes of the upcoming Ratapani Tiger Reserve, 200 meters from the Kolar Dam. Amidst beautiful and dense teak forests, an area inhabited by Tiger, Leopards, Wildcats, Sloth-bears Foxes, Hyenas, Deer's and Languor's, is The Ratapani, a quiet and quaint Jungle Jungle Lodge, spread over the edge of a cliff, overlooking the Kolar Reservoir and the beautiful Ratapani Jungles, in the valley below.
Kerwa dam is a popular picnic spot near Bhopal city. It is around 15kms from Bhopal city and very well connected by road. It was developed as an eco-tourism site where Bhopal people can spend their day while enjoying the scenic nature, birding, adventure games etc. It covers 69sq.kms. area which includes it catchment area.
The another religious as well as heritage site near the Bhopal is the Mahadev pani. Mahadev Pani (Lord Shiva’s waters) is a small tourist near Raisen road (NH86) about 15-20 Kms form main city, near a small village named Sehatganj. It has a small dam, its reservoir, small waterfalls amid extensive rocky surface. The waterfall attracts visitors from all around the city. You are at the top of the mountain with waterfall flowing below.
Handia Narmada Bank
The proposed site is located about 96 km from Bhopal and 61 km from Hoshangabad near village Dimawar of Sehore District and lies at Latitude 22°35 ¢ 20²N and Longitude 77°21 ¢ 10² E. The deepest riverbed level at Barrage site is about 267.473m. Handia (Dimawar) HE project, a run of the River scheme and is a part of Cascade development of Projects on River Narmada. Pre feasibility report of Handia HE Project was prepared by NHDC Limited in June'2004.
41 km north-east of Sanchi, Gyraspur was a place of considerable importance in the medieval period. Here, in the ruins called Athakhambe (eight pillars) and Chaukhambe (four pillars) are what remains of the columned halls of two temples belonging to the 9th and 10th centuries AD. The faceted shafts of Athakhambe with their extreme delicacy of carving testify to the high degree of craftsmanship during the period. Other monuments of note at Gyraspur are of the early 10th century: Bajra Math and Mala Devi Temple, the latter distinguished by its carved pillars with foliated motifs, representatives of the richest post-Gupta style.
The temple built of sand stone enclosed with a dwarf compound wall, the outer face of which was carved richly. The main temple consists of a shrine a hall, three entrance porches and sikhara. it is built in Bhumija style. The mandapa is richly carved and has porches on three sides. Two inscriptions engraved on the temple record the construction of temple during paramara king Udayaditya, between 1059 to 1080.
With the development of rail, road and air transport in the state of Madhya Pradesh, reaching Bhopal has become more convenient for the traveler. The well-developed infrastructure of the state supports easy accessibility to and from the capital city of Bhopal. The government of the state has made continuous efforts to improve and promote the growth of the infrastructure in the city, reassuring easy and comfortable transportation to Bhopal from the major cities of the country. Reaching Bhopal by air has been made easy by the Indian Airlines that has regular flights to Bhopal from the cities of Mumbai, Delhi and Indore. The airlines also provide flights to the city of Gwalior four times in the week. The airport of Bhopal is situated at a distance of 12 kilometers from the Old City.
The rail tracts from Delhi to Chennai are laid through the city of Bhopal making the railway station of the city an important terminus. Rail tracts from Ujjain, Agra, Gwalior, Mumbai and Jhansi connect the city of Bhopal by rail. Some of the tourist places in the state of Madhya Pradesh can be reached by roadways from the city of Bhopal. The popular tourist spot of Sanchi lies at a distance of two and a half hour from the city of Bhopal by road. Lying at a distance of 186 kilometers, the city of Indore can be reached in 6 hours from Bhopal by road. Reaching Bhopal has been made easy by the buses and private cars that ply from the cities of Khajuraho, Jabalpur, Ujjain and Panchmari.
Tourists can reach Bhopal by air availing the various flights that frequently fly to the city from various cities of India. Bhopal is the capital city of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Reaching Bhopal has become an easy affair owing to the flights provided by the various airlines of the regions. All these flight arrangements make the travel very easy and comforting for the tourists.
The Indian Airlines was the first to promote air traffic in the city of Bhopal. The airlines provide regular flights from the city to the cities of Delhi, Indore and Mumbai. Regular flights arrive and depart from Bhopal to the city of Mumbai. Flights to Delhi and Indore fly at regular intervals during the week from Bhopal. Some flights are provided by the Indian Airlines to travel to the city of Gwalior.
Low cost and affordable flights are offered by the Air Deccan airlines from Bhopal city. The airlines have scheduled flights arriving at Bhopal and departing from the city to Delhi and Jabalpur. The airlines provide only economy class travel on board and do not serve free food to maintain the cost of traveling at a low level.
Jet Airways is another airline that provides services in Bhopal connecting the city to Delhi, Mumbai and Indore. TThe tickets for the airlines can be booked through the Internet or bought from the office counters placed in the various corners of the city. The presence of the airlines has facilitated the traveler by connecting the major cities of India to Bhopal by air. The airlines ensure that the travel to the city of Bhopal is comfortable and leisurely for the traveler and less time consuming.
Traveling to the city of Bhopal by rail is economical and at the same time comfortable too. The city falls under the Central zone of the Indian Railways that routes its trains from the major cities of Delhi and Mumabi to the city of Bhopal. Reaching Bhopal has become easy owing to the presence of the frequent trains that run through the city of Bhopal.
With its headquarters at Jabalpur, the West Central Railway Zone serves the station of Bhopal city. Along with passenger trains, the West Central Railway Zone of the Indian Railways has scheduled freight trains that cater to the Bhopal division transporting the various freight goods to and from the city.
The railway station in the city of Bhopal is situated on the Himadia Road in Bhopal. The station is one of the chief terminals of the Delhi-Mumbai railway route. The Shatabdi Express connects the city to the capital city of Delhi. Several other express trains ply on the rail route from Bhopal to the cities of Mumbai, Gwalior, Jhansi, Agra, Ujjain and Sanchi. Some of the other passenger trains connect Bhopal to the cities of Kolkata, Lucknow, Jabalpur, Chennai, Trivandrum and Visisha. The tickets for the trains are available in the ticket counter situated in the railway station itself. The railways transport more passengers to and from the city of Bhopal. While the airlines are confined to certain developed regions of the state, the railways have been successful in penetrating to the deeper corners of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The city of Bhopal is connected by railroads to the various centers of the state and to the different parts of the country. The railways have triumphed in enabling the accessibility to Bhopal by rail easy and less tedious.
The department of tourism in the state of Madhya Pradesh encourages and promotes the travel to the city of Bhopal by road. The well-developed infrastructure of the city supports the road transport between Bhopal and various other major cities in the state. The intra city transport in the city is also through the buses, auto rickshaws, taxis and private cars that travel in Bhopal.
The government of Madhya Pradesh has provided the tourists with long distance deluxe buses that travel to the city of Bhopal. Some of the long distance buses are furnished with air condition facilities. Regular buses travel from Bhopal to the city of Indore. While the regular non air-conditioned bus travels for six hours to the city of Indore, the express bus speeds the journey to five hours. Other buses travel from Bhopal to Sanchi, Ujjain, Vidisha and Jabalpur. The bus route from Bhopal to Jabalpur continues for 11 hours.
The bus services are provided to the people of Bhopal even throughout the night. The bus travels between Bhopal and Khajuraho starts at 7.30 P.M and traveling for 12 hours in the night. The bus halts at various stops for the convenience of the traveler. Tickets are available for the buses at the ticket counters in the bus terminus. The reservation of the tickets is done through the computer. Although the travel by rail and air ensures a comforting journey, traveling in Bhopal by road is a low cost affair and can be afforded by most of the citizens. Reaching Bhopal is made easy by the presence of road transport in Bhopal.